World University Championships

World University Championships

The World University Championships (WUC) are part of the sporting events of the International University Sports Federation.

Championships [ edit ]

In the year of the Universiade, the championship shall be the same as the World Games tournament. The programme of the World University Championships is subject to change and currently includes 37 sports. In order to be as complete as possible, it includes:

  • Individual/ team sports
  • Indoor/ outdoor sports
  • Combat sports
  • Mind sports
  • Summer/ winter sports. [1]
  • Red = Defunct

See also [ edit ]

References [ edit ]

  1. ^"World University Championships". www.fisu.net.

External links [ edit ]

  • Association football
  • men
  • men’s club
  • women
  • women’s club
  • Baseball
    • men
    • Basketball
      • men
      • women
      • 3×3 basketball
      • Beach volleyball
      • Curling
        • Mixed doubles
        • Field hockey
          • men
          • women
          • Handball
            • men
            • women
            • Ice hockey
              • men
              • women
              • Rugby sevens
              • Softball
                • women
                • Volleyball
                  • men
                  • men’s club
                  • women
                  • women’s club
                  • Water polo
                    • Archery
                    • Aquatic sports
                    • Athletics
                    • outdoor
                    • race walking
                  • Badminton
                    • men
                    • women
                    • mixed
                    • individual
                    • Biathlon
                    • Bobsleigh and skeleton
                    • Boxing (amateur)
                    • Canoeing
                      • slalom
                      • sprint
                      • Cycling
                        • BMX
                        • mountain biking
                        • road
                        • track
                        • urban
                        • Equestrianism
                          • dressage
                          • eventing
                          • show jumping
                          • Fencing
                          • Golf
                            • men
                            • women
                            • Gymnastics
                              • artistic
                              • rhythmic
                              • trampolining
                              • Ice skating
                                • figure
                                • short track
                                • speed
                                • Judo
                                • Karate
                                • Luge
                                  • artificial track
                                  • natural track
                                  • Modern pentathlon
                                  • Rowing
                                  • Sailing
                                  • Shooting
                                  • Skateboarding
                                  • Skiing
                                    • alpine
                                    • nordic
                                    • freestyle
                                    • snowboarding
                                    • Sport climbing
                                    • Surfing
                                    • Table tennis
                                    • Taekwondo
                                    • Tennis
                                      • Men
                                      • Women
                                      • Triathlon
                                        • mixed relay
                                        • Weightlifting
                                        • Wrestling
                                          • Basque pelota
                                          • Cricket
                                          • men
                                          • women
                                        • Lacrosse
                                          • men
                                          • Polo
                                          • Roller hockey
                                            • men
                                            • women
                                              • Archery
                                              • Athletics
                                              • Badminton
                                              • Bobsleigh and skeleton
                                              • Boccia
                                              • Cycling
                                              • Track cycling
                                              • Road cycling
                                            • DanceSport
                                            • Powerlifting
                                            • Shooting
                                            • Snowboard
                                            • Skiing
                                              • Alpine
                                              • Nordic
                                              • Swimming
                                              • Table tennis
                                                • Carom billiards
                                                • Three-cushion
                                                • individual
                                                • team
                                              • artistic
                                              • five-pin
                                              • English billiards
                                                • amateurs
                                                • Crokinole
                                                • Pocket billiards
                                                  • eight-ball
                                                  • nine-ball
                                                  • ten-ball
                                                  • straight pool
                                                  • Snooker
                                                    • six-red
                                                    • ladies
                                                    • amateurs
                                                      • Backgammon
                                                      • Bridge
                                                      • Chess
                                                      • open
                                                      • women
                                                    • Draughts
                                                      • men
                                                      • women
                                                      • checkers
                                                      • draughts-64
                                                      • draughts-64 women
                                                      • Go
                                                      • Puzzles
                                                      • Scrabble
                                                      • Sudoku
                                                      • Xiangqi
                                                        • Formula One
                                                        • Karting
                                                        • Rallying
                                                        • WRC
                                                        • WRC-2
                                                        • WRC-3
                                                        • Rallycross
                                                        • Rally raid
                                                      • Sports car
                                                        • Endurance
                                                        • Touring car
                                                          • Cross-country rally
                                                          • Endurance
                                                          • Enduro
                                                          • SuperEnduro
                                                        • Ice racing
                                                          • individual
                                                          • team
                                                          • Grand Prix
                                                          • Motocross
                                                            • individual
                                                            • nations
                                                            • Supercross
                                                            • Supermoto
                                                            • Sidecarcross
                                                            • Snowcross
                                                            • Production
                                                              • Superbike
                                                              • Supersport
                                                              • Sidecar
                                                              • Speedway
                                                                • individual
                                                                • team
                                                                • Trial
                                                                  • nations
                                                                    • Aeroplane sport
                                                                    • Aerobatic
                                                                    • Aerobatic GP
                                                                    • Air Race
                                                                  • Powerboating
                                                                    • F1
                                                                    • offshore
                                                                    • Radio-controlled racing
                                                                      • 1:10 electric off-road
                                                                      • Tank biathlon
                                                                        • American football
                                                                        • men
                                                                        • women
                                                                      • Australian football
                                                                      • Bandy
                                                                        • men
                                                                        • men’s club
                                                                        • women
                                                                        • women’s club
                                                                        • Ball hockey
                                                                        • Baseball
                                                                          • women
                                                                          • Beach handball
                                                                          • Beach soccer
                                                                          • Canoe polo
                                                                          • Dancesport
                                                                            • Formation Latin
                                                                            • Fistball
                                                                              • men
                                                                              • women
                                                                              • Flag football
                                                                              • Floorball
                                                                              • Futsal
                                                                                • men
                                                                                • men’s club
                                                                                • women
                                                                                • Inline hockey
                                                                                  • FIRS
                                                                                  • IIHF
                                                                                  • Korfball
                                                                                  • Lacrosse
                                                                                    • men
                                                                                    • women
                                                                                    • indoor
                                                                                    • Netball
                                                                                    • Padel tennis
                                                                                    • Quidditch
                                                                                    • Ringette
                                                                                    • Roll Ball
                                                                                    • Roller derby
                                                                                    • Rugby league
                                                                                      • men
                                                                                      • men’s club
                                                                                      • women
                                                                                      • Rugby union
                                                                                        • men
                                                                                        • women
                                                                                        • Sailing
                                                                                          • Yachts
                                                                                          • Dinghies
                                                                                          • Sepaktakraw
                                                                                          • Softball
                                                                                            • men
                                                                                            • Synchronized skating
                                                                                            • Tchoukball
                                                                                              • Air sports
                                                                                              • Ballooning
                                                                                              • Gliding
                                                                                              • Parachuting
                                                                                              • Paragliding
                                                                                            • Aquatics
                                                                                              • Surfing
                                                                                              • Water skiing
                                                                                              • Athletics
                                                                                                • cross country
                                                                                                • half marathon
                                                                                                • indoor
                                                                                                • 100 km
                                                                                                • Mountain running
                                                                                                • Long Distance Mountain running
                                                                                                • Snowshoe running
                                                                                                • Skyrunning
                                                                                                • Trail running
                                                                                                • Bowling
                                                                                                  • Tenpin
                                                                                                  • Bowls
                                                                                                  • Indoor
                                                                                                  • Canoeing
                                                                                                    • marathon
                                                                                                    • Cycling
                                                                                                      • cyclo-cross
                                                                                                      • indoor
                                                                                                      • mountain bike marathon
                                                                                                      • trials
                                                                                                      • Darts
                                                                                                        • BDO
                                                                                                        • PDC
                                                                                                        • Finswimming
                                                                                                        • Fishing
                                                                                                          • freshwater
                                                                                                          • fly fishing
                                                                                                          • Gymnastics
                                                                                                            • acrobatic
                                                                                                            • aerobic
                                                                                                            • Kendo
                                                                                                            • Kickboxing
                                                                                                            • Orienteering
                                                                                                              • foot
                                                                                                              • ski
                                                                                                              • mountain bike
                                                                                                              • trail
                                                                                                              • Pétanque
                                                                                                              • Powerlifting
                                                                                                                • men
                                                                                                                • women
                                                                                                                • Professional boxing
                                                                                                                  • men
                                                                                                                  • women
                                                                                                                  • Mounted games
                                                                                                                  • Racquetball
                                                                                                                  • Sambo
                                                                                                                  • Shooting
                                                                                                                    • practical handgun
                                                                                                                    • practical rifle
                                                                                                                    • practical shotgun
                                                                                                                    • Skiing
                                                                                                                      • flying
                                                                                                                      • Ski mountaineering
                                                                                                                      • Squash
                                                                                                                        • individual
                                                                                                                        • doubles
                                                                                                                        • team
                                                                                                                        • Roller Sports
                                                                                                                          • aggressive roller freestyle
                                                                                                                          • artistic skating
                                                                                                                          • inline alpine
                                                                                                                          • inline downhill
                                                                                                                          • inline freestyle
                                                                                                                          • inline speed skating
                                                                                                                          • skateboarding
                                                                                                                          • Swimming
                                                                                                                            • short course
                                                                                                                            • Triathlon
                                                                                                                              • Aquathlon
                                                                                                                              • Duathlon
                                                                                                                              • Ironman
                                                                                                                              • Wrestling
                                                                                                                                • Armwrestling
                                                                                                                                • Sumo
                                                                                                                                • Wushu
                                                                                                                                • Other
                                                                                                                                  • Yo-yo
                                                                                                                                  • 1. Universiade – The Universiade is an international multi-sport event, organized for university athletes by the International University Sports Federation. The name is a combination of the words University and olympiad, the Universiade is often referred to in English as the World University Games or World Student Games, however, this latter term can also refer to competitions for sub-University grades students. The Universiade is the largest multi-sport event in the world apart from the Olympic Games, the most recent games were in 2017, the Winter Universiade was in Almaty, Kazakhstan, while the 2015 Summer Universiade was in Gwangju, Korea. The idea of an international sports competition between student-athletes pre-dates the 1949 formation of the International University Sports Federation, which now hosts the Universiade. This did not come to pass, but an event was created in Germany in 1909 in the form of the Academic Olympia. Five editions were held from 1909 to 1913, all of which were hosted in Germany following the cancellation of an Italy-based event, at the start of the 20th century, Jean Petitjean of France began attempting to organise a University Olympic Games. After discussion with Pierre de Coubertin, the founder of the modern Olympic Games, Petitjean, and later the Confederation Internationale des Etudiants, was the first to build a series of international events, beginning with the 1923 International Universities Championships. This was followed by the renamed 1924 Summer Student World Championships a year later, another name change resulted in the 1930 International University Games. The CIEs International University Games was held four times in the 1930s before having its final edition in 1947. A separate group organised an alternative university games in 1939 in Vienna, the onset of World War II ceased all major international student sport activities and the aftermath also led to division among the movement, as the CIE was disbanded and rival organisations emerged. The Union Internationale des Étudiants incorporated a university sports games into the World Festival of Youth and Students from 1947–1962, including one separate and this event principally catered for Eastern European countries. The Sports Week was held biennially until 1955, like the CIEs games before it, the FISU events were initially Western-led sports competitions. Division between the largely Western European FISU and Eastern European UIE eventually began to dissipate among broadened participation at the 1957 World University Games. This event was not directly organised by either group, instead being organised by Jean Petitjean in France, the FISU-organised Universiade became the direct successor to this competition, maintaining the biennial format into the inaugural 1959 Universiade. It was not until the 1957 World University Games that the Soviet Union began to compete in FISU events. That same year, what had previously been a European competition became a global one, with the inclusion of Brazil, Japan. The increased participation ultimately led to the establishment of the Universiade as the global student sport championship. Official website of the International University Sports Federation Official website of the German University Sports Federation Official report of the Winter Universiade Innsbruck / Seefeld 2005

                                                                                                                                    2. International University Sports Federation – The Fédération Internationale du Sport Universitaire is responsible for the organisation and governance of worldwide competitions for student-athletes between the ages of 17 and 28. It was founded in 1949 as the governing body of national university sports organisations. Between 1949 and 2011, it was based in Brussels, since 2011 and it is the only international federation with more than 50 sports on its competition program. The FISU stages its events every two years and they currently include two Universiades and 32 World University Championships. Meanwhile, FISU permanently links the world with sports by hosting a number of educational events – conferences, forums. These events closely assist in promoting sport as one of the components of the educational system. FISU sanctions other competitions open to university students, such as the biennial World University Bridge Championships in contract bridge, played under the auspices of the FISU. FISU was officially formed in 1949, but its origin back to the 1920s when the Frenchman, Jean Petitjean, organized the first World Student Games in Paris. The following year saw the birth of the International Confederation of Students, several delegations took part and the movement was launched. The Second World War interrupted these meetings, but when peace was restored, the peace was relative, and the shadow of the Cold War soon divided university sport. In 1946, the International Students Union was created in Prague to pursue the works of the International Confederation of Students, after those games, the increasing politicisation of the ISU led to a division within the university sports movement. Other editions followed, in Luxembourg, Dortmund and San Sebastián, in 1957, the French federation organised a World University Sports Championship which brought together students from the Eastern and Western blocks. From this meet arose the desire to organise an event in which students from all over the world could participate. In 1959, FISU and the ISU agreed to participate in the games organised in Turin, Italy, by CUSI and that year was undoubtedly the one that left the biggest impression on our federation. In fact, the Italian organisers baptised these 1959 games Universiade and they created the flag with a U surrounded by stars, which was to begin its journey around the world, and replaced the national anthems at the medal-awarding ceremonies with Gaudeamus Igitur. The Universiade in Turin was a success for the local Executive Committee, as well as for the man who was to change the future of the university sports movement, Dr. Primo Nebiolo. During this Universiade, which brought together 43 countries and 1,400 participants, however, even though university sport was developing in a peaceful environment, the modus vivendi still needed to be established. From then on, FISU was to organise the games at worldwide level, ever since this important period, the Universiades have continued to attract more and more participants

                                                                                                                                    3. World University Netball Championship – The World University Championships are organized by the Fédération Internationale du Sport Universitaire. In July,2012, the first World University Netball Championship was held in Cape Town, the South African Federation of University Sports organised the event. It is an indoor tournament with a maximum of 12 teams competing. 12 competitors and 5 officials are allowed per team, the venue of the first championship was the Good Hope Sports Centre in Cape Town, July 2–7,2012. The winners were England, who beat South Africa in the finals, England South Africa Jamaica Namibia Uganda Zimbabwe United States Ireland On the 2nd of July,2012 the opening ceremony took place. This tournament has some significance as it is the first time an American netball team was set up, Jamaica came 3rd, beating Ireland 41-30 for the bronze medal. The 2nd World University Netball Championship will be held in Miami, the venue will be St. Thomas University. Netball is an emerging sport in the United States and showcasing an international event will further its national prestige

                                                                                                                                    4. World University Rowing Championships – The Fédération Internationale du Sport Universitaire is responsible for the organisation and governance of worldwide competitions for student-athletes between the ages of 17 and 28. It was founded in 1949 as the governing body of national university sports organisations. Between 1949 and 2011, it was based in Brussels, since 2011 and it is the only international federation with more than 50 sports on its competition program. The FISU stages its events every two years and they currently include two Universiades and 32 World University Championships. Meanwhile, FISU permanently links the world with sports by hosting a number of educational events – conferences, forums. These events closely assist in promoting sport as one of the components of the educational system. FISU sanctions other competitions open to university students, such as the biennial World University Bridge Championships in contract bridge, played under the auspices of the FISU. FISU was officially formed in 1949, but its origin back to the 1920s when the Frenchman, Jean Petitjean, organized the first World Student Games in Paris. The following year saw the birth of the International Confederation of Students, several delegations took part and the movement was launched. The Second World War interrupted these meetings, but when peace was restored, the peace was relative, and the shadow of the Cold War soon divided university sport. In 1946, the International Students Union was created in Prague to pursue the works of the International Confederation of Students, after those games, the increasing politicisation of the ISU led to a division within the university sports movement. Other editions followed, in Luxembourg, Dortmund and San Sebastián, in 1957, the French federation organised a World University Sports Championship which brought together students from the Eastern and Western blocks. From this meet arose the desire to organise an event in which students from all over the world could participate. In 1959, FISU and the ISU agreed to participate in the games organised in Turin, Italy, by CUSI and that year was undoubtedly the one that left the biggest impression on our federation. In fact, the Italian organisers baptised these 1959 games Universiade and they created the flag with a U surrounded by stars, which was to begin its journey around the world, and replaced the national anthems at the medal-awarding ceremonies with Gaudeamus Igitur. The Universiade in Turin was a success for the local Executive Committee, as well as for the man who was to change the future of the university sports movement, Dr. Primo Nebiolo. During this Universiade, which brought together 43 countries and 1,400 participants, however, even though university sport was developing in a peaceful environment, the modus vivendi still needed to be established. From then on, FISU was to organise the games at worldwide level, ever since this important period, the Universiades have continued to attract more and more participants

                                                                                                                                    5. Olympic sports – Olympic sports are sports contested in the Summer and Winter Olympic Games. The 2016 Summer Olympics included 28 sports, with five additional sports due to be added to the 2020 Summer Olympics, the 2014 Winter Olympics included seven sports. The number and kinds of events may change slightly from one Olympiad to another, each Olympic sport is represented by an international governing body, namely an International Federation. The International Olympic Committee establishes a hierarchy of sports, disciplines, according to this hierarchy, the Olympic sports can be subdivided into multiple disciplines, which are often assumed to be distinct sports. Examples include swimming and water polo, or figure skating and speed skating, in their turn, disciplines can be subdivided into events, for which medals are actually awarded. The IOCs requirements reflect participation in the Olympic Games as well—more stringent toward men, previous Olympic Games included sports which are no longer present on the current program, like polo and tug of war. These sports, known as discontinued sports, were removed either because of lack of interest or absence of an appropriate governing body. Archery and tennis are examples of sports that were competed at the early Games and were dropped by the IOC. Demonstration sports have often included in the Olympic Games, usually to promote a local sport from the host country or to gauge interest. Some such sports, like baseball and curling, were added to the official Olympic program, baseball, however, was discontinued after the 2008 Summer Olympics. The term sport in Olympic terminology refers to all the events that are sanctioned by one international sport federation, one sport, by Olympic definition, may be divided into several disciplines, which are often regarded as separate sports in common language. Skating is a winter Olympic sport represented by the International Skating Union, and includes four disciplines, figure skating, speed skating, short track speed skating, and synchronized skating. The sport with the largest number of Olympic disciplines is skiing, with six, alpine skiing, cross-country skiing, ski jumping, nordic combined, snowboarding, other notable multi-discipline sports are gymnastics, cycling, volleyball, wrestling, canoeing, and bobsleigh. The disciplines listed here are only those contested in the Olympics—gymnastics has two disciplines, while cycling and wrestling have three each. It should also be noted that the IOC definition of a discipline may differ from that used by an international federation, for example, the IOC considers artistic gymnastics a single discipline, but the International Federation of Gymnastics classifies mens and womens artistic gymnastics as separate disciplines. An event, by IOC definition, is a competition that leads to the award of medals. The number of events per sport ranges from a minimum of two to a maximum of 47 in athletics, which despite its number of events and its diversity is not divided into disciplines. The only summer sports that have never been absent from the Olympic program are athletics, aquatics, cycling, fencing, the only winter sports that were included in all Winter Olympic Games are skiing, skating, and ice hockey

                                                                                                                                    6. Team sport – A team sport includes any sport which involves two or more players working together towards a shared objective. A team sport is an activity in individuals are organized into opposing teams which compete to win. Examples are basketball, volleyball, water polo, handball, lacrosse, cricket, baseball, Team sports are practiced between opposing teams, where the players interact directly and simultaneously between them to achieve an objective. The objective generally involves teammates facilitating the movement of a ball or similar object in accordance with a set of rules, in order to score points. However, other types of team sports do not involve teammates facilitating the movement of a ball or similar item in accordance with a set of rules, for example, swimming, rowing, sailing, dragon boat racing, and track and field among others are also team sports. In other types of team sports there may not be a team or point scoring, for example. Instead of points scored against a team, the relative difficulty of the climb or walk is the measure of the achievement. In some sports where participants are entered by a team, they do not only compete against members of other teams, for example, motorsport, particularly Formula One. This process is known as team orders and although previously accepted was banned in Formula One between 2002 and 2010, after a controversy involving team orders at the 2010 German Grand Prix however, the regulation was removed as of the 2011 season. Organized sports in athletics, started in Greece in 796 BC, is recorded up to 393 BC and these games, which are Olympic games, were a form to test the skills of warriors, consisted of running, jumping or leaping, wrestling, and javelin throw. In the Bayankhongor Province of Mongolia cave paintings dating back to Neolithic age of 7000 BC depict a wrestling match surrounded by crowds, cave paintings of the Prehistoric times in Japan show a sport similar to sumo wrestling. In Wadi Sura, near Gilf Kebir in Libya, Neolithic in the cave of swimmers shows evidence of swimming in a rock painting, the name athletes is derived from Aethelius, the King of Elis in Olympia, Greece. Before the start of the gods were invoked by offering of mostly fruits. The winner of the race was crowned with a wreath of olive or laurel, in subsequent years monetary attractions were introduced as prize money. However, the practice of offering celery sticks is still in vogue in the 100 m sprint in the Olympics, the present pattern of Olympic Games is akin to the practice followed in the ancient days. The 200 m sprint is known in Greek as short foot race, the 400 m race is equivalent to two stades and called Diaulos in Greek. With the advent of computer gaming and the Internet, Esports which is in vogue for quite a few years was recorded in October 1972 as a video game. A Space war tournament was organized by Stanford University which was titled Intergalactic Spacewar Olympics with an offering of one-year subscription to Rolling Stone

                                                                                                                                    7. FIFA World Cup – The championship has been awarded every four years since the inaugural tournament in 1930, except in 1942 and 1946 when it was not held because of the Second World War. The current champion is Germany, which won its title at the 2014 tournament in Brazil. 32 teams, including the qualifying host nation, compete in the tournament phase for the title at venues within the host nation over a period of about a month. The 20 World Cup tournaments have been won by eight different national teams, Brazil have won five times, and they are the only team to have played in every tournament. The worlds first international match was a challenge match played in Glasgow in 1872 between Scotland and England, which ended in a 0–0 draw. The first international tournament, the edition of the British Home Championship. After FIFA was founded in 1904, it tried to arrange an international football tournament between nations outside the Olympic framework in Switzerland in 1906 and these were very early days for international football, and the official history of FIFA describes the competition as having been a failure. At the 1908 Summer Olympics in London, football became an official competition, planned by The Football Association, Englands football governing body, the event was for amateur players only and was regarded suspiciously as a show rather than a competition. Great Britain won the gold medals and they repeated the feat in 1912 in Stockholm. With the Olympic event continuing to be contested only between teams, Sir Thomas Lipton organised the Sir Thomas Lipton Trophy tournament in Turin in 1909. The Lipton tournament was a championship between clubs from different nations, each one of which represented an entire nation. Lipton invited West Auckland, a side from County Durham. West Auckland won the tournament and returned in 1911 to successfully defend their title, in 1914, FIFA agreed to recognise the Olympic tournament as a world football championship for amateurs, and took responsibility for managing the event. This paved the way for the worlds first intercontinental football competition, at the 1920 Summer Olympics, contested by Egypt and 13 European teams, Uruguay won the next two Olympic football tournaments in 1924 and 1928. Those were also the first two world championships, as 1924 was the start of FIFAs professional era. On 28 May 1928, the FIFA Congress in Amsterdam decided to stage a championship itself. With Uruguay now two-time official football world champions and to celebrate their centenary of independence in 1930, indeed, no European country pledged to send a team until two months before the start of the competition. Rimet eventually persuaded teams from Belgium, France, Romania, in total,13 nations took part, seven from South America, four from Europe and two from North America

                                                                                                                                    8. FIFA Club World Cup – The FIFA Club World Cup is an international mens association football competition organised by the Fédération Internationale de Football Association, the sports global governing body. The competition was first contested in 2000 as the FIFA Club World Championship and it was not held between 2001 and 2004 due to a combination of factors, most importantly the collapse of FIFAs marketing partner International Sport and Leisure. Since 2005, the competition has been every year, and has been hosted by Brazil, Japan. The first FIFA Club World Championship took place in Brazil in 2000, in 2005, after the Intercontinental Cups last edition, that competition was merged with the Club World Cups pilot edition and renamed the FIFA Club World Championship. In 2006, the tournament took its current name, the host nations national champions dispute a play-off against the Oceania champions, from which the winner joins the champions of Asia, Africa and North America at the quarter-finals. The quarter-final winners go on to face the European and South American champions, the current champions are Spains Real Madrid, who defeated Japans Kashima Antlers 4–2 in the final of the 2016 edition, to win a second title in the competition. European teams have been the most successful, with nine titles, the first club tournament to be billed as the Football World Championship was held in 1887, in which Scottish Cup champions Hibernian defeated English FA Cup semi-finalists Preston North End. According to FIFA, the first attempt at creating a club football tournament was in 1909,21 years before the first FIFA World Cup. The Sir Thomas Lipton Trophy was held in Italy in 1909 and 1911 and it was won by English amateur side West Auckland on both occasions. The idea that FIFA should organise international club competitions dates from the beginning of the 1950s, the competition was succeeded by another tournament, named Torneio Octogonal Rivadavia Corrêa Meyer, which was won by Vasco da Gama. This tournament had five Brazilian sides, and three clubs, thus, losing half of its intercontinental aspect. In December 2007, FIFA turned down Palmeiras request to recognise the tournament as a Club World Cup since the participants were limited to two continents, although the competition was discontinued, it was held in high regard. FIFA board members Stanley Rous and Ottorino Barassi participated personally, albeit not in their capacity as FIFA members, Rous role was attributed to the negotiations with European clubs, whereas Barassi helped form the framework of the competition. Commenting on Juventus acceptance to participate in the tournament, the Italian press stated that an Italian club could not be missing in such an important and worldwide-reaching event. Because of the difficulty the CBF found in bringing European clubs to the competition, the Pequeña Copa del Mundo was a tournament held in Venezuela between 1952 and 1957, with a two short revivals in 1963 and in 1965. It was usually played by eight participants, half from Europe, after the late 1950s, the tournament rapidly lost status as the pedigree of its participants decreased. This competition, along with the creation of the European Cup, FIFA failed to authorise the competition in the 1960s. FIFA stated that they would prohibit the 1961 edition to be played out unless the organisers regarded the competition as a friendly or a match between two organisations

                                                                                                                                    9. FIFA Women’s World Cup – The competition has been held every four years since 1991, when the inaugural tournament, then called the Womens World Championship, was held in China. Under the tournaments current format, national teams vie for 23 slots in a qualification phase. The tournament proper, alternatively called the World Cup Finals, is contested at venues within the host nation over a period of one month. The seven FIFA Womens World Cup tournaments have been won by four different national teams, including the United States, the current champion is the United States, after winning their third title in the 2015 FIFA Womens World Cup. Twelve national teams took part in the competition – four from UEFA, the tournament saw European champion Norway defeat Sweden 1–0 in the final to win the tournament, while Brazil clinched third place by beating the hosts in a penalty shootout. The competition was deemed a success and on 30 June FIFA approved the establishment of an official World Cup, again, twelve teams competed, this time culminating in the United States beating Norway in the final 2-1. In the 1999 edition, one of the most famous moments of the tournament was American defender Brandi Chastains victory celebration after scoring the Cup-winning penalty kick against China. She took off her jersey and waved it over her head, showing her muscular torso, the 1999 final in the Rose Bowl in Pasadena, California had an attendance of 90,185, a world record for a womens sporting event. The 1999 and 2003 Womens World Cups were both held in the United States, in 2003 China was supposed to host it, but the tournament was moved because of SARS. As compensation, China retained its automatic qualification to the 2003 tournament as host nation, germany hosted the 2011 FIFA Womens World Cup, as decided by vote in October 2007. In March 2011, FIFA awarded Canada the right to host the 2015 FIFA Womens World Cup, the 2015 edition saw the field expand from 16 to 24 teams. Christie Rampone is the oldest player to play in a Womens World Cup match. In March 2015, FIFA awarded France the right to host the 2019 FIFA Womens World Cup over South Korea, the final tournament has featured between twelve and twenty-four national teams competing over about one month in the host nation. There are two stages, the stage followed by the knockout stage. In the group stage, teams are drawn into groups of four teams each, each group plays a round-robin tournament, in which each team is scheduled for three matches against other teams in the same group. The last round of matches of group is scheduled at the same time to preserve fairness among all four teams. In the 2015 24-team format, the two teams finishing first and second in group and the four best teams among those ranked third qualify for the round of 16. Points are used to rank the teams within a group, since 1994, three points have been awarded for a win, one for a draw and none for a loss

                                                                                                                                    10. FIFA Women’s Club World Cup – The competition is currently in planning and is expected to commence in 2017. The format of the tournament is unknown, the mens FIFA Club World Cup involves seven teams, including the six continental club champions and the host nations national club champions. In the womens tournament the winners of that years Copa Libertadores Femenina, as of 2016, no Asian, African, North American or Oceanic continental tournament is being played. The International Womens Club Championship was the first international annual competition contested by womens champion clubs, the competition was founded and organised by the Japan Football Association and the L. League. The first International Womens Club Championship took place in Japan in November 2012 with participation from four teams, Olympique Lyonnais, Canberra United, INAC Kobe Leonessa and NTV Beleza. In October 2012, L-Leagues senior executive, Taguchi Yoshinori, announced that he intended the IWCC run for three years and expand to more continental champions. It was also envisaged that FIFA would ultimately endorse the tournament as an equivalent of the FIFA Club World Cup. In October 2013, FIFAs Executive Committee heard a proposal from their Womens Football Task Force to explore the idea of an official FIFA Womens Club World Cup, however, the match never progressed beyond the planning stages. In 2015 the FIFA Womens Football Task Force again proposes the creation of the FIFA Women’s Club World Cup, in August 2015, the Womens Football Task Force confirmed that the FIFA Women’s Club World Cup was a work-in-progress. The Task Force also proposed an increase in teams and in development of competitions at confederation level in relation to the FIFA Women’s Club World Cup. A friendly played between Arsenal L. F. C. and Seattle Reign FC on 26 May 2016 at Memorial Stadium, FIFA Club World Cup International Womens Club Championship

                                                                                                                                    11. World Baseball Classic – The World Baseball Classic is an international baseball tournament sanctioned from 2006 to 2013 by the International Baseball Federation and after 2013 by the World Baseball Softball Confederation. It was proposed to the IBAF by Major League Baseball, the Major League Baseball Players Association and it is the main baseball tournament sanctioned by the WBSC, which grants to the winner the title of World Champion. The final mens Baseball World Cup was held in 2011, and was discontinued to streamline the international calendar, the 2013 Classic, the third edition of the event, was won by the Dominican Republic in an all-Caribbean World Baseball Classic Final. The tournament is the first of its kind to have the teams of IBAFs member federations feature professional players from the major leagues around the world including Major League Baseball. After a 3-year gap between the first two installments of the tournament, plans were made for the World Baseball Classic to be repeated four years following the 2009 event. The third installment of the Classic was held in 2013, in fact, the final series in 2006 and 2009 rank among the highest-rated sporting events in Japanese television history. In the 2006 tournament, South Korea advanced to the semifinals with an undefeated 6–0 record but was defeated by Japan for a berth in the final game, meanwhile, Cuba defeated the Dominican Republic for the other berth in the final game. Japan then defeated Cuba 10–6 to be crowned the first champion of the World Baseball Classic, in the 2009 tournament, the controversial round-robin format from 2006 was replaced by a modified double-elimination format for the first two rounds. The eight teams advancing from the first round were the same as in 2006, except for a Cinderella performance by the Netherlands, the other four contested a qualifying round in late 2012, along with 12 additional teams. As a result, two new teams competed for the first time, the main tournament took place in March 2013, and ended with the Dominican Republic defeating Puerto Rico in the final. The Dominican Republic also became the first team to win the tournament with a perfect record, in 2017, Team USA won against Puerto Rico, 8-0. This was the first USA title, the first two iterations of the Classic featured the same sixteen teams. For the 2013 tournament, qualifier rounds were introduced, once the final of each World Baseball Classic concludes, the players of the winning team receive gold medals during the closing ceremony immediately after the losing team receives silver medals. The third place team receives bronze medals at a separate date, the 2006 and 2009 tournaments each had the same 16–team field, chosen by invitation. Beginning with the 2013 tournament, the four last-placed teams from the tournaments first round each contested a qualifying round against three new teams. The outcome of this process has been that 14 of the original 16 teams have continued to appear in every tournament, in 2013, Canada and Chinese Taipei re-qualified while Panama and South Africa were respectively replaced by Brazil and Spain. In 2017, Australia and Mexico re-qualified while Brazil and Spain were respectively replaced by Israel, the three countries to have won the tournament are Japan, the Dominican Republic, and the United States. Other teams to have reached the championship game are Cuba, Puerto Rico, other teams to have reached the semifinals are the Netherlands and Venezuela

                                                                                                                                    12. FIBA Basketball World Cup – It is considered to be the flagship event of the International Basketball Federation. The world championship is considered to be just as prestigious as the basketball gold medal. The championship has held every four years since the inaugural tournament in 1950. The tournament structure is similar, but not identical, to that of the FIFA World Cup, a parallel event for womens teams, now known as the FIBA Womens Basketball World Cup, is also held quadrennially. From 1986 through 2014, the mens and womens championships were held in the same year, the current format of the tournament involves 24 teams competing for the title at venues within the host nation. The winning team receives the Naismith Trophy, first awarded in 1967, the current champions are the United States, who defeated Serbia in the final of the 2014 tournament. Following the 2014 FIBA championships for men and women, the mens World Cup was scheduled on a new four-year cycle to avoid conflict with the FIFA World Cup, the next mens World Cup will be held in 2019, in the year following the FIFA World Cup. All FIBA World Championship/World Cup tournaments from the 1994 edition onward, are considered as fully professional level tournaments. The FIBA Basketball World Cup was conceived at a meeting of the FIBA World Congress at the 1948 Summer Olympics in London. Long-time FIBA Secretary-General Renato William Jones urged FIBA to adopt a World Championship, similar to the FIFA World Cup, the FIBA Congress, seeing how successful the 23-team Olympic tournament was that year, agreed to the proposal, beginning with a tournament in 1950. Argentina was selected as host, largely because it was the country willing to take on the task. Argentina took advantage of the host selection, winning all their games en route to becoming the first FIBA World Champion, the first five tournaments were held in South America, and teams from the Americas dominated the tournament, winning eight of nine medals at the first three tournaments. By 1963, however, teams from Eastern Europe and Southeast Europe, between 1963 and 1990, the tournament was dominated by the United States, the Soviet Union, Yugoslavia, and Brazil who together accounted for every medal at the tournament. United States dominated that year and won gold, while former states of USSR and Yugoslavia – Russia and Croatia – won Silver, the 1998 FIBA World Championship, held in Greece, lost some of its luster when the 1998–99 NBA lockout prevented the American professional players from participating. New Yugoslavian team, now consisting of the former Yugoslav republics of Serbia and Montenegro, won the gold medal over Russia, while USA, playing with amateur players, in 2002 other nations eventually caught up to the four powerhouse countries and their successor states. Meanwhile, the United States team, made up entirely of NBA players and this new era of parity convinced FIBA to expand the tournament to 24 teams for 2006,2010 and 2014 editions of the tournament. In 2006, emerging powerhouse Spain beat Greece in the first appearance in the final for both teams, Spain became only the seventh team to capture a World Championship gold. The USA, who lost to Greece in a semifinal, beat Argentina in 3rd place match, in 2010 FIBA World Championship final the USA beat Turkey and won gold for first time in 16 years, while Lithuania beat Serbia and won bronze

                                                                                                                                    13. FIBA Women’s Basketball World Cup – The FIBA Womens Basketball World Cup is a world basketball tournament for womens national teams held quadrennially. Its inaugural game was in 1953 with the four-year cycle established in 1967, the next FIBA Womens World Cup will be held in September/October 2018. Formerly known as the FIBA World Championship for Women, the name changed shortly after its 2014 edition, from 1986 through 2014, the tournament was held in the same year as the mens FIBA Basketball World Cup, though in different countries. After the 2014 editions of both championships, the event was rescheduled on a new four-year cycle to avoid conflict with the mens FIFA World Cup. The Womens World Cup remains on the current four-year cycle, with editions held in the years as the mens FIFA World Cup. The next FIFA Womens World Cup is in June and July 2019, the Women’s World Cup was created by the International Basketball Federation. It began in 1953, held in Chile, three years after the first mens World Championship, for most of its early history, it was not held in the same year as the mens championship, and was not granted a consistent quadrennial cycle until 1967. After the 1983 event, FIBA changed the scheduling so that the tournament would be held in even-numbered non-Olympic years. The number of participating womens FIBA teams has remained at 16, unlike the mens event, only four nations have won titles in the history of the Womens World Cup. The United States has won the title nine times, including six of the last eight, the Soviet Union won six titles, including five in a row from 1959 to 1975. The only other countries to win have been Brazil in 1994, the 2014 World Championship for Women was the last tournament played in the same year as the mens, and also the last to be known as the World Championship for Women. The Womens World Cup will remain on the current four-year cycle, the mens FIBA World Cup will move to the year after the Womens World Cup. Accordingly, only the FIBA Womens World Cup will be held in 2018, note, From 1953 through 1979 the medalists were decided in a league format instead of in a knockout tournament, results of the final round matches are shown. FIBA Basketball World Cup FIBA World Championship for Women 2010 Official Site United States history

                                                                                                                                    14. FIVB Beach Volleyball World Championships – The FIVB Beach Volleyball World Championships is an international beach volleyball double-gender championship held every two years. The first official edition of this event, was the 1997 Beach Volleyball World Championships in Los Angeles, before that there had been ten unofficial championships all held in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. It was hosted in 2005 in Berlin, in 2007 in Gstaad, in 2009 in Stavanger, the 2013 edition took place in Stare Jablonki, Poland

                                                                                                                                    15. World Curling Championships – The World Curling Championships are the annual world championships for curling, organized by the World Curling Federation and contested by national championship teams. There are mens, womens and mixed doubles championships, as well as junior and senior championships for each gender, there is also a world championship for wheelchair curling. The mens championship started in 1959, while the womens started in 1979, the mixed doubles championship was started in 2008. The World Curling Championships began in 1959 as the Scotch Cup, the first three Cups were contested between mens teams from Scotland and Canada. The United States joined the Scotch Cup in 1961, and Sweden also joined the next year, Canada won the first six world titles, of which the legendary rink skipped by Ernie Richardson earned four. The United States was the first country to break Canadas streak, by 1967, Norway, Switzerland, France, and Germany were added to the Scotch Cup, and Scotland won their first title, while Canada finished without a medal for the first time. The tournament was renamed the Air Canada Silver Broom the year after that, in 1973, the competing field was expanded to ten teams, and Italy and Denmark were introduced to the world stage. Sweden, Switzerland, and Norway won their first titles in the following years, in 1979, the first edition of the womens World Curling Championships was held. The championships were held separately from the championships for the first ten years. During this time, Switzerland, Canada, Sweden, Denmark, beginning in 1989, the mens and womens championships were held together. Norway won their first world womens title, in 1995, Ford Canada and the World Curling Federation reached an agreement to make Ford the sponsor of the World Curling Championships. Japan, the first nation from Asia to compete in the worlds, made their debut in 1990 at the womens championship, south Korea and China followed suit in the 2000s. Scotland won their first womens title in 2002, and the United States won their first womens title the next year, Canada began a streak of top two finishes in the mens tournament, and China won their first world title in the womens tournament in 2009. In 2008, a championship for mixed doubles curling was created. Switzerland won the first world mixed doubles title, and proceeded to win four of the first five titles. Russia and Hungary won their first world curling titles in the doubles championship, and New Zealand, France, Austria. Bronze medals were not awarded until 1985 for the tournament and 1986 for the mens tournament. Between 1989 and 1994, the medal was shared by the semifinals losers

                                                                                                                                    16. Hockey World Cup – The Hockey World Cup is an international field hockey competition organised by the International Hockey Federation. The tournament was started in 1971 and it is held every four years, bridging the four years between the Summer Olympics. Five countries have dominated the events history, Pakistan is the most successful team, having won the tournament four times. The Netherlands and Australia have won three titles, and Germany has each won two titles, the 2014 tournament was held in The Hague, Netherlands from June 2 to 14. Australia defeated Netherlands 6–1 in the final, to win their third World Cup title, the 2018 tournament will be held in Bhubaneswar, India from 28 November to 16 December. The World Cup will expand to 16 teams in 2018, the Hockey World Cup was first conceived by Pakistans Air Marshal Nur Khan. He proposed his idea to the FIH through Patrick Rowley, the first editor of World Hockey magazine and their idea was approved on October 26,1969, and adopted by the FIH Council at a meeting in Brussels on April 12,1970. The FIH decided that the inaugural World Cup would be held in October 1971, however, political issues would prevent that first competition from being played in Pakistan. The FIH had inadvertently scheduled the first World Cup to be played in Pakistan during the Bangladesh Liberation War, furthermore, Pakistan and India had been at war with each other only six years earlier. When Pakistan invited India to compete in the tournament, a crisis arose, pakistanis, led by cricketer Abdul Hafeez Kardar, protested against Indias participation in the Hockey World Cup. Given the intense political climate between Pakistan and India, the FIH decided to move the tournament elsewhere, the FIH has set no requirements or limitations on the size of the competition. The 1971 Cup included only ten nations, the smallest World Cup to date, the 1978 Cup featured fourteen nations. The 2002 Cup featured sixteen nations, the largest World Cup to date, the remaining 9 World Cups have featured 12 nations. The first three tournaments were held two years. The 1978 cup was the tournament held three years from the previous one. It was halfway between the Summer Olympics hockey competition and has continued that way, in other words, the tournament has been held every four years ever since. The Hockey World Cup trophy was designed by the Bashir Moojid, on March 27,1971, in Brussels, the trophy was formally handed to FIH President Rene Frank by Mr H. E Masood, the Pakistani Ambassador to Belgium. The trophy consists of a cup with an intricate floral design, surmounted by a globe of the world in silver and gold

                                                                                                                                    17. Women’s Hockey World Cup – The Womens Hockey World Cup is the field hockey World Cup competition for women, whose format for qualification and final tournament is similar to the mens. It has been held since 1974, the tournament has been organised by the International Hockey Federation since they merged with the International Federation of Womens Hockey Associations in 1982. Since 1986, it has been held once every four years, in the same year as the mens competition. Of the thirteen tournaments held so far, only four teams have won the event, Netherlands is the most successful team, having won the title seven times. Argentina, Germany and Australia are joint second best teams, having won the title twice. So far, Netherlands and Australia are the two able to defend their titles. At the end of the 2014 World Cup, fourteen nations had reached the semifinal of the tournament, the size of the tournament has changed over time. The 1974 and 1978 World Cups featured 10 nations, the 1976 World Cup featured 11 nations, the 2002 World Cup featured 16 nations, and the remaining seven World Cups have featured 12 nations. The World Cup will expand to 16 teams again in 2018, the 2014 tournament was held in The Hague, Netherlands from 2 to 14 June, with Netherlands winning a record seventh title after beating Australia 2–0 in the final

                                                                                                                                    18. IHF World Men’s Handball Championship – The World Mens Handball Championship has been organized by the International Handball Federation since 1938. The competition has been dominated by European countries and it has been won most times by France, but Sweden has won most medals. The first World Championship took place in Germany in 1938, involving four teams from Europe who competed in a round stage to find a winner. It wouldnt be until sixteen years later where the second World Championship was held in the country of Sweden, throughout their history, the World Championships has been dominated by European teams, with no medals being won by non-European countries until 2015, by Qatar. Over the years, the organization of the World Championships has changed, initially, there were group games in both the preliminary and main rounds, but more recently a knockout system has been applied after the preliminary round. 1, Germany sent a team composed of players from the GDR. List of hosts by number of championships hosted, IHF World Womens Handball Championship All time statistics with link to all results and all medal winners

                                                                                                                                    19. IHF World Women’s Handball Championship – The IHF World Womens Handball Championship has been organized by the International Handball Federation since 1957. Only 4 teams participated in the first championship, this grew to the present 24 which was introduced in 1997. In 1977 a B tournament was introduced and later in 1986 a C-tournament which served as qualification for the championship or A-tournament. The B and C tournament qualifications were replaced by the present qualification system in 1993, from 1993 it has been held every other year, between 1978 and 1990 it was held every fourth alternating with the Olympic tournament, and before that it was held more irregularly. The first five tournaments were held in the summer or early fall whereas the rest has been held in November or December, IHF only includes medals won at the indoor championships. Source, TV2Sporten. no IHF World Mens Handball Championship Womens WC at IHF

                                                                                                                                    20. Ice Hockey World Championships – The Ice Hockey World Championships are an annual international mens ice hockey tournament organized by the International Ice Hockey Federation. First officially held at the 1920 Summer Olympics, it is the sports highest profile annual international tournament, the IIHF was created in 1908 while the European Championships, the precursor to the World Championships, were first held in 1910. The tournament held at the 1920 Summer Olympics is recognized as the first Ice Hockey World Championship, between 1920 and 1968, the Olympic hockey tournament was also considered the World Championship for that year. The first World Championship that was held as an event was in 1930 in which twelve nations participated. In 1931, ten teams played a series of round-robin format qualifying rounds to determine which nations participated in the medal round, medals were awarded based on the final standings of the teams in the medal round. This basic format would be used until 1992, in 1951, thirteen nations took part and were split into two groups. The top seven teams played for the World Championship, the other six played for ranking purposes. During a congress in 1990, the IIHF introduced a playoff system, as the IIHF grew, more teams began to participate at the World Championships, so more pools were introduced. The modern format for the World Championship features 16 teams in the group,12 teams in Division I and 12 teams in Division II. If there are more than 40 teams, the rest compete in Division III, the teams in the championship play a preliminary round, then the top eight teams play in the playoff medal round and the winning team is crowned World Champion. Over the years, the tournament has gone through several rule changes, in 1969 body-checking in all three zones in a rink was allowed, helmets and goaltender masks became mandatory in the early 1970s and in 1992 the IIHF began using the shootout. The current IIHF rules differ slightly from the used in the NHL. The World Championships have been open to all players, both professional and amateur, since 1977, the IIHF requires that players are citizens of the country they represent and allow players to switch national teams provided that they play in their new nation for a certain period of time. Canada was the tournaments first dominant team, winning the tournament 12 times between 1930 and 1952, the United States, Czechoslovakia, Sweden, Great Britain and Switzerland were also competitive during this period. The Soviet Union first participated in 1954 and soon became rivals with Canada, from 1963 until the nations breakup in 1991, the Soviet Union was the dominant team, winning 20 championships. During that period, only three other nations won medals, Canada, Czechoslovakia and Sweden, Russia first participated in 1992 and the Czech Republic and Slovakia began competing in 1993. In the 2000s, the became more open as the Big Six teams – Canada, the Czech Republic, Finland, Russia, Sweden. Thus, NHL players generally only participate once their respective team is eliminated from Stanley Cup contention, the 79th World Championship was held in Prague and Ostrava, Czech Republic, and was the most successful to date in terms of overall attendance

                                                                                                                                    21. Women’s Softball World Championship – There are qualifying tournaments that determine which countries will play at the World Championship. A womens softball world championship predates the ISFs event, a championship was held in Canada between several American and Canadian teams in 1952 and 1953. Australia had also hosted a tournament that predated the first Womens World Championship. In 1965, the first ISF Womens World Championship was held in Melbourne, five nations competed at the inaugural championships including the United States, Japan and Australia, which Australia won 1-0 in a final game against the United States. In the game, Australia was held to two hits while the United States had four. Lorraine Woolley was named the player of the tournament, the inaugural mens championship would occur one year later in Mexico. The Japanese won competition after having twelve consecutive wins and beating the Americans 3-0 in a final game spectated by 30,000 people, in 1974, the Americans knocked out the Australians during the semi-finals, when they beat them by a score of 6-0. Chinese Taipeis leadership discussed inviting China to compete at the 1982 competition which was the country was hosting, ching-khou and Wang Shen supported mainland Chinas participation in the event and an invitation was issued but the Chinese government elected to not send a team. The 1990 edition was the seventh to be held, with six different countries having played hosts to the competition, the United States took home gold, New Zealand silver and China bronze. The Soviet Union had a representative attend the 1990 competition and promise that a Soviet side would be competing at the next championships, the 2006 edition was very important as the Championships were used for Olympic qualifying, with the top four finishers going to the Olympic Games. In 2006, the fourth-place finishers automatically qualified to the Games because China was the Olympic Games based on that, thus, there was a battle for fifth place between Canada and Italy for Olympic qualifications. In the match for fifth, Canada won 3-0 and earned their fourth trip to the Olympics. Teams that will be competing at the 2012 edition include Australia, Canada, the competition was scheduled to act as a replacement for the Olympics. Australia won the competition in 1965, the victory was considered very impressive as they beat the Americans, who invented the game in 1887, to win the championship. Other countries that have won it include Japan in 1970,2012 and 2014, countries that have finished third include the Philippines in 1970. *1990, Rain washed out the final, leading USA to win based on its record in round-robin play. The 1970 edition was hosted by Japan in Osaka, the 1974 edition was played in Stratford, United States. The 1978 games were played in San Salvador, El Salvador, the 1982 competition was hosted by in Chinese Taipei in Taipei

                                                                                                                                    22. World Archery Championships – The World Archery Championships are a series of competitions in Archery organised by the World Archery Federation. They first competition held under that title took place in 1931. Competition archery takes a variety of formats, but the title World Championships is commonly reserved for the following three events. Outdoor World Championships in target Archery Indoor World Championships in target Archery World Championships in field Archery, events in those outdoor championships are held involving fixed targets at set distances, using a variety of bows, the recurve bow from 1931 and the compound bow since 1995. Although less widely recognised, World Championship events are held in Youth archery, Para-archery, University archery. A ski archery World Championships was last held in 2007, but is not part of the current rotation, following the accession of archery to permanent sports at the Summer Universiade, the University world championships will also cease to be part of the World Archery Championships rotation in 2014. The following table shows the venue of all World Championships on the current World Archery programme, disputed After 2015 Championships Since 2002, two classes have been contested at the Youth World Championships, Junior Cadet Note,1

                                                                                                                                    23. FINA World Aquatics Championships – The FINA World Championships or World Aquatics Championships are the World Championships for aquatics sports, swimming, diving, high diving, open water swimming, synchronized swimming, and water polo. They are run by FINA, and all swimming events are contested in a long course pool, the event was first held in 1973, and is now held every two years. From 1978 to 1998, the World Championships were held four years. From 2001 on, the Championships have been every two years, in the odd years. Updated after the 2015 World Aquatics Championships, united States,1978, Except as noted below, there are male and female categories for each event

                                                                                                                                    24. IAAF World Championships in Athletics – The IAAF World Championships, commonly referred to as the World Championships in Athletics, is a biennial athletics event organized by the International Association of Athletics Federations. Originally held every four years, first in 1983, the current two-year cycle began in 1991, the idea of having an Athletics World Championships was around well before the competitions first event in 1983. In 1913, the IAAF decided that the Olympic Games would serve as the World Championships for athletics and this was considered suitable for over 50 years until in the late 1960s the desire of many IAAF members to have their own World Championships began to grow. In 1976 at the IAAF Council Meeting in Puerto Rico an Athletics World Championships separate from the Olympic Games was approved, two IAAF world championship events preceded the inaugural edition of the World Championships in Athletics in 1983. Four years later, the 1980 World Championships contained only two newly approved womens events, neither of which featured on the programme for the 1980 Summer Olympics, over the years the competition has grown in size. In 1983 an estimated 1,300 athletes from 154 countries participated, by the 2003 competition, in Paris, it had grown to 1,907 athletes from 203 countries with coverage being transmitted to 179 different countries. There has also been a change in composition over the years, with new events, all for women. By 2005, the differences were mens competition in the 50 km walk. The following list shows when new events were added for the first time,1987, womens 10,000 m and 10 km walk were added. 1993, womens triple jump was added,1995, womens 5000 m was added, replacing the 3000 m race. 1999, womens pole vault and hammer were added and the womens 20 km walk replaced the 10 km walk,2005, womens 3000 m steeplechase was added. Updated after 2015 Championships Note, Germany refers both to the former West Germany and the unified Federal Republic of Germany, the opening and closing ceremonies of the 8th IAAF World Championships held in Edmonton in 2001 were broadcast live to over 200 countries. The event included the mens marathon, and featured a thousand voice choir, men There are fifteen athletes who have won at least six medals. Women There are thirteen athletes who have won at least six medals, There are eighteen athletes that competed in at least eight editions

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